Puppy Care Guide

Learn how you can give your puppy #TheBestStart right here

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  •     HOME
  •     True respect of Dog
  •     Top 9 dog breeds in india
  •     Health and Nutrition
  •     Preventive pet healthcare
  •     Behavior and training
  •     Faq's

1. True Respect of the Dog

We deeply care about dogs. It is why we observe them almost obsessively. It is our greatest desire to learn and understand as much as we possibly can about dogs, their attitude to stimuli and their behaviour in various environments. We examine the differences in their life stages and lifestyles, while matching every aspect to details of their size and breed. We consider their physical well-being; from the lustre in their coat to the sparkle in their eyes. We think about their emotional requirements; how to keep them calm and emotionally secure. We observe how the right diet can transform a dog with the power of tailor-made nutrition. It’s this philosophy that has driven us to create specific formulas for dogs - each a unique solution for a unique need. Each capable of transforming a dog’s health and making it into the magnificent animal it was naturally meant to be. We’ve dedicated our lives to the truth that every animal has the potential to be incredible. ROYAL CANIN®. Incredible in Every Detail.

2. Top 9 Breeds in India

3. Health and Nutrition

Playtimes and long periods of rest apart, there’s nothing a puppy loves more than eating. But a growing puppy has specific nutritional needs – one that can not only supply plenty of energy to enable that intense game of ‘fetch’, but can also build and maintain body cells to support digestive, joint and growth needs. At this growth stage, your puppy’s metabolism needs a specific formulation that is quite different from that of an adult dog. Here’s where our specific puppy formulations ensure that your puppy gets the optimum mix of nutrition and energy required.

4. Preventive Pet Healthcare

Good health starts with good hygiene. It is much easier to prevent an infection than to treat one that has already started. Here are some tips for managing common concerns that can lead to long-term health problems if ignored.

CARING FOR YOUR PUPPY’S EARS Include ear care as a part of your regular grooming routine.

CARING FOR YOUR PUPPY’S EYES Your puppy isn’t crying, he just needs a good eye cleaning.

PREVENTING LOSS Consider micro-chipping your dog to keep a tab on his whereabouts.

6. FAQs

SHOULD MY DOG FAST ONCE A WEEK?

This may be convenient for the owner, but has nothing to do with the dog’s health.

IS IT OKAY TO FEED MY DOG WHAT I EAT?

No, absolutely not! Dogs can digest proteins, but can also assimilate large quantities of fat, unlike humans.

DOES MY DOG NEED VARIATION IN DIET?

Ideally, a dog will eat the same food from the same dish every day at the same time and place – exactly the opposite of what its owner would enjoy!

WHAT FOOD SHOULD I GIVE MY PUPPY WHEN FIRST BROUGHT HOME?

To avoid disturbing your puppy’s particularly fragile digestive system, feed your puppy the same food eaten before you brought it home.

MY PUPPY IS REFUSING TO EAT, WHAT SHOULD I DO?

Your puppy is probably upset by the change of home and needs some time to adapt before eating normally. Be gentle with your pup, and if the problem persists longer than a few days, talk to your veterinarian.

MY PUPPY BITES HARD WHILE PLAYING. IS THAT NORMAL?

Normally, during the socialisation period, puppies learn from their mother to bite gently. So when you are playing, you shouldn’t accept this biting, and stop the puppy with a firm “No!”

HOW DO I TOILET TRAIN MY PUPPY?

The simplest way to toilet train your puppy is to make regular visits (and always after a meal) to the place where you would like your pet to use the bathroom, usually the garden or street. Reward enthusiastically when your pet performs.

MY DOG BARKS WHEN ALONE, WHAT DO I DO?

Gradually get your pet used to being alone and separate from you. Ignore for 30 minutes before you leave and after you return. Rewards can be given in the form of petting as soon as your pet calms down.

I HAVE CHILDREN. SHOULD I TAKE ANY PARTICULAR PRECAUTIONS ?

To avoid any biting, teach your child not to: disturb the puppy when asleep or eating; look straight into the puppy’s eyes; hold the puppy too hard in his arms; give your pup any food from the table.
Children younger than 10 should not be left alone with the puppy.

CAN I TAKE CARE OF MY PUPPY WHEN INJURED?

If it is just a superficial wound, you can take care of your puppy by disinfecting the wound with a non-alcoholic antiseptic. If it is a deep wound, take your pet to the veterinarian.

DO I HAVE TO WASH MY PUPPY OFTEN?

Generally speaking, it is not a good idea to wash dogs too often. If it is really necessary, use a special dog shampoo.

WHEN, AND HOW LONG, SHOULD I TAKE MY PUPPY OUT?

Once your pet’s vaccines are up to date, take your dog out regularly for around twenty minutes a day to expend all the pent-up energy.

SHOULD WE TAKE OUR PET ON TRIPS?

If it is possible at the place where you go on holiday, take your dog with you: your pet will adore spending time with you and your family.

HOW DO I GET MY DOG USED TO A LEASH?

First, choose a long leash and follow your puppy while walking, without you pulling. Gradually shorten the leash and encourage your puppy to follow you.

MY PUPPY SLEEPS A LOT. IS THAT NORMAL?

Yes, and you must not disturb a sleeping puppy, don’t pick him up any old how, or at any time.

WHAT ACTIVITIES CAN WE DO WHEN WE GO OUT FOR WALKS?

Most dogs love retrieving a thrown object and bringing it back to you.



  • Grooming
    Country China
    Weight Ideally, 6.3-8.1 kg
    Character Intelligent, Gentle,
    Good-natured, Touchy


    He needs firm, very early training. He is perfectly suited to apartment life. He prefers short walks. He hates being left alone. He should be kept out of intense heat. His eyes and face wrinkles need regular checkups. He must be brushed two or three times a week. Is also a companion dog. Know more about Pugs here.

    Pugs have a distinctive round head and short square muzzle. This characteristic jawline and thick lips make it more difficult for Pugs to pick up food. Here’s where our special ‘cloverleaf’ shaped kibbles are designed to make it easier for Pugs to pick up kibble and encourage chewing. Explore food tailored for Pugs here.

  • Grooming
    Country United Kingdom
    Weight Ideally, 12-14.5 kg
    Character Vigorous, Tenacious, Strong-willed, Independent, Affectionate, Gentle.


    He can live in an apartment, but long, daily walks are necessary. He requires brushing and combing twice weekly and grooming twice or three times per year. His ears must be checked regularly. Is also a hunting and companion dog. Know more about Cocker Spaniels here.

    Cocker Spaniels have a broad, deep muzzle and square, even jaws. To ensure that Cocker Spaniels are able to feed properly, our kibble has been adapted to a special cashew shape that makes it easier for the dog to grasp and chew. Explore food tailored for Cocker Spaniels here.



  • Grooming
    Country United Kingdom
    Weight Ideally, 25-30 kg
    Character Highly active, Confident, Tenacious,
    Keen nose, Excellent swimmer


    The Labrador Retriever is a common breed spotted in many a household, and owes his success to his exceptionally gentle personality. He does not like being left alone. He needs lots of exercise to curb his restlessness. He must be brushed two to three times a week and combed during moulting season. Is also a hunting dog, utility dog, canine assistant (guide dog), drug detection dog and companion dog. Know more about Labradors here.

    As a breed, Labrador Retrievers tend to swallow food extremely quickly without chewing adequately. Our donut shaped kibble is therefore designed to slow down how fast a Labrador Retriever eats while encouraging the dog to chew its food for longer. Explore food tailored for Labradors here.



  • Grooming
    Country Germany
    Weight Ideally, 25-30 kg
    Character Energetic, Impetuous, Dominant, Self-assured breed, Calm, Well-balanced and Sociable.


    The Boxer can make a good housedog, but he must be given a considerable amount of exercise. Training should start at a very young age. His short coat requires little care. Is also defined as a guard and defence dog, police dog and guide dog. Know more about Boxers here.

    Boxers have thick upper lips with teeth in the lower jaw tending to be in a straight line. It is for this reason that we have designed a wave-shaped kibble for Boxers to make it easier to pick up and chew. Explore food tailored for Boxers here.

     

  • Grooming
    Country Germany
    Weight Ideally, 50 kg
    Character Enduring, Alpha dog,
    Very firm (but gentle)


    The Rottweiler requires considerable space and exercise. Training is required to ensure that this dog will obey without fail. He does not like to be closed in or tied up. This breed does not tolerate heat well. Daily brushing is required. Is also a guard, police and army dog. Know more about Rottweilers here

    Rottweilers are known to have strong, broad upper and lower jaws. Their strong teeth meet in a scissor-bite, where the lower incisors touch the inside of the upper incisors. The size, shape and density of the Rottweiler kibble, encourages it to chew. Explore food tailored for Rottweilers here.

     

  • Grooming
    Country United Kingdom
    Size Ideally, 15-20 kg
    Character Merry, Courageous, Hardy, Hard-hitting voice, Keen nose, Affectionate, Good-natured


    He needs firm, very early training. He is perfectly suited to apartment life. He prefers short walks. He hates being left alone. He should be kept out of intense heat. His eyes and face wrinkles need regular checkups. He must be brushed two or three times a week. Is also a hunting and companion dog. Know more about Beagles here.

    Beagles have a straight and square-cut, medium-length muzzle with level jaws. The size, shape and texture of the kibble for Beagles is designed to be easy to pick up and encourages chewing. Explore food tailored for Beagles here.



  • Grooming
    Country Germany
    Weight Ideally, 30-40 kg
    Character Balanced, Alert, Excellent
    sense of smell.


    Early training is vital. He is highly trainable because of his desire to obey. This is an active dog with a need for space and exercise. But can live in an apartment in the city if walked daily. This breed does not like to be alone and cannot tolerate being closed inside all day. Brushing twice a week is required. He is also defined as a working dog, herder and guide dog. Know more about German Shepherds here.

    German Shepherds have a long, strong muzzle with strong teeth. The size, shape and texture of the kibbles are designed to be easy for German Shepherds to pick up and encourage chewing. Explore food tailored for German Shepherds here.

  • Grooming
    Country United Kingdom
    Size Ideally, 26-31.5 kg
    Character Hardy, Active, Remarkable
    Memory, Gentle, Intelligent


    He is not suited to apartment life because he needs lots of exercise. He hates being left alone. He requires brushing once or twice a week, as well as combing during the moulting season. Is also a hunting dog, utility dog, guide dog, wreckage search dog, drug detection dog and companion dog. Know more about Golden Retrievers here.

    Golden Retrievers have a straight muzzle and teeth that meet in a scissor-bite. We have designed kibble size, shape and texture specifically for Golden Retrievers, to encourage them to chew. Explore food tailored for Golden Retrievers here.

  • Grooming
    Country Germany
    Size Ideally, 50-70 kg
    Character Peace loving, Affectionate particularly with children.


    The Great Dane can be content living in an apartment, but he must get out daily to stretch his long legs. This athletic dog needs space and exercise. Training must start early. Is also a guard and pet dog. Know more about Great Danes here.

    Great Danes tend to have a high digestive sensitivity. Taking this into account, our kibble for Great Danes is designed with highly digestible proteins to meet their digestive needs. Explore food tailored for Great Danes here.



  • Objectives
    While doing your research, keep in mind that canine nutrition follows four objectives, viz.:
    Body Development: Amino acids, minerals, vitamins and fatty acids meet the basic nutrition requirements for healthy physical development and maintenance.
    Energy Provision: Protein, carbohydrates and fat provide energy to cats and dogs.
    Nourishment and Prevention: The best antioxidants, prebiotics, fiber and essential fatty acids help address kidney issues, digestive problems, the effects of aging and other common health issues.
    Nourishment and Recovery: Very specific nutrients can be limited or added in certain formulations in order to help cats and dogs recover from particular health issues.
    Combine these four objectives, and you get the best dog foods in the market. Introducing the Royal Canin ® Breed Health Nutrition ® Dog Food and Royal Canin ® Size Based Nutrition ® Dog Food, with a formula of approximately 50 nutrients in a single food based on breed and size respectively.

  • SIZE BASED
    From a 9 kg Pug to a 40 kg Great Dane, different-sized dogs have very different physiological needs, which can make finding the right nutrition complicated. While there are many dog foods in India, ranging from wet dog food to dry dog food, Royal Canin addresses each size, lifestyle and breed with diets tailor-made for every unique characteristic.

    SIZE HEALTH NUTRITION MINITM
    SIZE HEALTH NUTRITION MEDIUMTM
    Small-sized dogs are fussy eaters, have higher energy
    requirements and longer life spans. Our nutritional
    solutions are tailor-made to meet their needs.
    Browse here.

    Medium-sized dogs have high energy levels and need a balanced diet to maintain a healthy weight, glossy coats and strong bones. Our size-based formulas are designed to support these specific needs. Browse here.
    SIZE HEALTH NUTRITION MAXITM
    SIZE HEALTH NUTRITION GIANTTM
    Large-sized dogs are adapted for hard work and
    often require larger energy reserves to match
    their activity levels. Our size-based formulas
    are formulated to support healthy weight and
    the development of strong joints. Browse here.
    Giant dog breeds are bred for search and rescue work. Due to their massive body weight, their joints are often under constant stress. Our exclusive size-based food formulations are designed to help these giant dog breeds maintain healthy growth and strong bone structure. Browse here.
  • LIFESTAGE-BASED
    PUPPY MATURITY
    Every nutrient in your puppy’s food should have a
    specific purpose. From proteins to carbohydrates,
    all should be properly balanced, because excesses
    can be just as detrimental to your puppy as deficiencies.

      Even for dogs, aging is unavoidable. Dogs go through two, distinct periods of aging – maturity and senior – that must be addressed very specifically with nutrition to help meet their needs. Dog food for older dogs takes care of their nutritional needs in their senior years.
    ADULT    
    Once they reach adulthood, dogs have specific needs
    based on their size, breed and other factors. In order
    to remain fit and healthy throughout their life, your
    dog’s diet must satisfy all of their needs.
       
     
     
  • VETERINARY CARE

    SATIETY

    Without careful supervision, dogs can become greedy at mealtimes. Breeds like Labradors are known to quickly swallow their food without adequate chewing. This may cause your dog to overeat. In addition, in-between eating can add on the kilos. Consider that just 190 gms. of chewy treats is equivalent to a human being eating 7 doughnuts. For your dog, it works out to over 67% of excess daily intake. As a result, that lean young pup you once knew has turned into that fat dog you hardly recognise. Know more about weight management here.
    Along with an active lifestyle, your dog also needs a balanced diet. With Satiety Weight Management, you can manage your dog's weight while ensuring support for joint and bone development. Explore the Satiety Weight Management solution here.
     
    HYPOALLERGIC
    It may surprise you but dogs can be allergic to certain kinds of food. Science has observed dogs being allergic to even regular food sources such as wheat, meat and dairy. If your dog exhibits signs of allergy, it is advisable to talk to your vet and choose a hypoallergenic food solution that delivers adequate nutrients without compromising its immunity or health.
    Here's where Hypoallergenic DR 21 offers a complete dietetic feed for dogs. Specially formulated with sources of protein and carbohydrate, this dog food solution is a good source of nutrients for dogs that are allergic.
    Explore the Hypoallergenic DR 21 solution here.
     
  • FOODS TO AVOID
  • PROCESSED OR HOMEMADE?
    CHOOSING THE RIGHT FOOD – PROCESSED
    OR HOMEMADE?
      ARE ALL PROCESSED PET FOODS THE SAME?


    It’s easy to presume that what’s healthy for us, is healthy for our four-legged pets too. Unfortunately, that’s not always the case. Your growing puppy needs dog foods high in fibre, and containing over fifty essential nutrients; a nutritional balance that is hard to achieve in the home-kitchen. Which is why, processed foods for young and adult dogs contain more nutrients than ingredients commonly used as replacements in grain-free dog foods. Premium foods like Royal Canin contain all the essential nutritional elements needed for your puppy to grow into a healthy, happy furry.

     

    Not at all. The nutritional value* varies according to the quality of the processed food. Here are the approximate contents:

    Economic product range: 15 nutrients
    Standard product range: 30 nutrients
    Premium product range: 50 nutrients
  • SCHEDULE & COMMANDMENTS
    FEEDING SCHEDULE   FEEDING COMMANDMENTS


     

       
    Give the dog plenty of water to drink
    Change food gradually
    Feed regularly
    Control the amount of food consumed
    Give the dog a balanced diet
    Choose your pet food from the dog foods list carefully
    Use the food properly
    Keep track of individual results
    Do not hesitate to consult the veterinarian

  • BREED-BASED
    At Royal Canin, we believe that every dog is unique. From the small, flat-faced Pug to the obesity-prone Labrador Retriever, ROYAL CANIN® BREED HEALTH NUTRITION® is a precise nutrition formulated to address the unique needs of purebred dogs. It takes in-depth analysis, research, and innovation to discover that even dogs of similar sizes and shapes may have different nutritional needs.

    Differences in breed and nutrition can be seen between the similar sized Golden RetrieverGolden Retriever and Labrador Retriever.

    Both Golden Retrievers and Labrador Retrievers have a scissor bite, but Labrador Retrievers tend to eat more quickly and chew less, so they benefit from a kibble that slows their eating down and encourages chewing.
    Labradors were bred to swim in the icy waters of the Atlantic Ocean, so they have a huge appetite for calories.
    Golden Retrievers are prone to cardiac sensitivity and can benefit from nutrition that supports healthy cardiac function.

    Despite their similarities, the Labrador Retriever and Golden Retriever can benefit from nutrients selected specifically for each of their breeds. Our Breed Health Nutrition range features high-quality protein sources, unique nutrients, and kibble designed to a specific shape, texture and size, to meet every breed’s unique needs.
  • EMERGENCY ACTION STEPS
      BLEEDING   LIMPING
    Apply a clean cloth or sterile gauze to the wound. Attempt to localise injury. Call your vet immediately.
    If the bleeding doesn't stop, call your vet. Cover any wounds with a clean cloth.
    Don't apply a tourniquet unless instructed by your vet. Possible causes: Broken limb or digit; acute arthritis; injury to footpad; dislocation; sprain; muscle soreness.
      HEAT STROKE
    Place in cool shaded area with a fan. Take rectal temperature. If over 104°, call your vet.
    Transport to a pet hospital and monitor temperature.
    Possible causes: Excessive heat and/or lack of share; overexertion; lack of water; locked in car with no ventilation.
      VOMITING
    Examine vomit for blood. If poisoning is suspected, visit your vet with a sample.
    Enlarged stomach and retching are serious signs. Call your vet.
    Possible causes: Poisoning; abdominal injury; motion sickness; overeating; fear; brain injury; parasites.
           
  • FIRST AID FOR DOGS
    Even if you provide your dog with everything he needs, accidents can still happen. Knowing what to do may save your dog’s life.

      Check vital signs
    Use rectal thermometers for puppies, preferably, newer human digital thermometers.
    Check heartbeat by gently placing a hand over your dog’s chest. Measure respiration by closely observing the flanks or holding a wet finger in front of nostrils. Measure heartbeat and respiration for 15 seconds, then multiply by four to get the rate per minute.
    Ensure your puppy is calm to extract normal rates.
     
      Handling and transportation
    Muzzle your puppy and cushion him with towels during transportation.
    Wrap a small puppy in a towel and perform examinations gently. Stop if the puppy begins to get agitated.
    Do not attempt to lift or drag a large injured dog. Improvise a stretcher out of a board, stabilise injuries with impromptu splints such as rolled newspapers, rolled cotton or pillows.
    Ensure the splint immobilises joints above and below the site of the injury.

    Call your veterinarian immediately for any medical emergency.
  • SPAYING AND NEUTERING
    Deciding whether to spay or neuter your dog is an important decision that must be carefully considered. It’s essential to weigh the benefits of spaying or neutering against the possibility of being able to breed your dog in the future.

      FEMALES   MALES
    Eliminates the occurrence of
    certain kinds of tumors.
    Helps reduce roaming behavior and fighting with other dogs.
    Eliminates “heat” bleeding. Reduces marking from other males.
    Reduces the risk of pyometra. Eliminates the risk of tumors.
    Prevents unwanted litters. Prevents unwanted litters.
  • PARASITES
    WORMS
    On the basis of your puppy’s characteristics, your vet will provide you with a schedule for deworming along with administration advice.
     
    TICKS
    Since ticks tend to latch on to the most delicate areas of your puppy’s skin, the best way to remove a tick is with the help of a special tick hook, rather than pulling it off with your fingers or tweezers.
     
    FLEAS
    Fleas can infest your pet, leading to your puppy scratching and biting themselves, especially in areas such as the head, neck, and around the tail, leading to hair loss and general discomfort. With the help of a variety of vet-approved products, you can practice flea prevention and control the multiplication of this parasite.
     
  • DISEASE PREVENTION
    VACCINATIONS


    Vaccinations help prevent contagious and sometimes fatal diseases. Some are required, while others are simply recommended. They are most effective when administered on fixed dates with booster vaccinations. Puppies generally begin a vaccination program at the age of six to eight weeks. Consult your vet for a vaccination program depending on the risks your puppy faces from his surroundings.


    To know more about your dog’s vaccination schedule, click here.

  • 8 QUICK LESSONS
    LEARNING HIS NAME
    HOUSE-TRAINING
      Never scream your puppy’s name - he has a very acute
    sense of hearing and shouting will just stress him out.
    Instead, say his name slowly and clearly to catch his
    attention and associate his name with each command.


      If your puppy has an accident indoors in your absence,
    don’t tell him off! Scolding is only effective if you
    actually catch your puppy red-handed.
    "NO" SIT. LIE DOWN. STAY
      Make sure your commands are consistent: what
    you say “No” to one day must not be allowed the
    next, either by you or anyone else in the family.
      These three commands are learnt in order, so you need to make sure that the first one is totally understood before moving on to the next.
  • 8 QUICK LESSONS
    WALKING ON THE LEAD
    HOME ALONE
      Never, ever hit your puppy with the lead:
    it should be a symbol of “walkies”, and therefore
    synonymous with joy, not punishment.


      As much as you can, try and avoid leaving
    your puppy alone before the age of 4 or 5 months;
    otherwise you run the risk of creating a real
    anxiety crisis for the young dog.
    CALLING YOUR PUPPY MEAL TIMES
      If your puppy doesn’t respond to, “here”, walk
    away in the opposite direction or hide; he will
    be very worried about finding himself on his
    own and will come back to you very quickly!
      Tidbits or table scraps will upset the nutritional
    balance provided by the whole food you’re
    giving your puppy. Given too often or regularly
    they are also bad for his health, encouraging
    weight gain as well as teaching the dog to beg
    while the family is eating.
  • ACTIVITIES FOR YOUR PUPPY
    PLAYTIME EXERCISE
      Your puppy is full of energy. In order to avoid unwanted behavior that could arise out of boredom, this pent-up energy needs to be expended. The best way to keep your puppy active is to make sure he has appropriate outlets for his energy, possible with dedicated playtime!

      Maintain your puppy’s physical health by including exercise into his daily routine. Consider your puppy’s age, stamina, and overall physical capabilities and choose an exercise routine accordingly.

    TOYS SPORTS
      Keep your puppy occupied and active with interactive toys. Interactive toys are hollow inside so you can insert food or treats - keeping him busy for longer than traditional chew toys.   Strengthen the bond with your puppy with outdoor activities that help him feel good. Certain sports, however, should only be practiced by dogs once they have finished growing. Before beginning a sport with your puppy, ask for your vet’s advice.
  • PARASITES
    WORMS
    On the basis of your puppy’s characteristics, your vet will provide you with a schedule for deworming along with administration advice.
     
    TICKS
    Since ticks tend to latch on to the most delicate areas of your puppy’s skin, the best way to remove a tick is with the help of a special tick hook, rather than pulling it off with your fingers or tweezers.
     
    FLEAS
    Fleas can infest your pet, leading to your puppy scratching and biting themselves, especially in areas such as the head, neck, and around the tail, leading to hair loss and general discomfort. With the help of a variety of vet-approved products, you can practice flea prevention and control the multiplication of this parasite.